distribution 01 wealth making possible a true social justice. In other words the constructive work which the FAO could do was converted into a socialist and Malthusian promotion. (34) or again: . .. the leftists not only are trying to check our social development, socializing and regimenting us prematurely, but also holding back our population growth. (35) At the same time, however, and sometimes in the same editorial, Altamirano can attribute the plot or its financing to "industrial interests of a certain medical kind" (36). Equally unusual for a socialist plot is its success "thanks to the resources made available as much by the U.S. Government as by the contraceptive firms"; (37) or to financing "by racists from the United States and Nordic Europe" (38). At any rate, there is no doubt that the United States is directly implicated, though it is not singled out for attack as often as in earlier years. Outside of its financial backing, it is usually grouped with other Nordics, Europeans, or "many people" who feel that there are too many "Negroes, Indians, mulattos, and mestizos," and are attempting to prevent "the Central American man from taking firm possession of his land" (39). Decatholicization and the Fertility Mystique. If the Latin "man" is the ultimate target of this foreign attack, the Latin woman is the medium. Altamirano's view of woman is in the tradition of conservative Catholicism notable in the recent encyclical of Pope Paul. He refers to "the blessed womb of the Central American woman" from which "millions more beings will come to fill the cities" (40). To stop such prolificity would be to stop nature, so that birth control assumes "proportions of genocide in the very maternal cloister of our America" (41). In attacking those who would substitute birth control for abortion, he shows his revulsion for sins of the flesh. "Why should the poor woman have to be taught to sin without conceiving?" (41). The sexual freedom it might bring the woman would be intolerable, as "The mother becomes sterile at will" (42). He sees the "American womanócolored, mestizo, Indian, mulatto, etc." being used in Brazil as "guinea pigs to try out the best methods to check the growth of these peoples" (43) and 40,000 Colombian women "submitting for over two years, to a process of sterilization with chemical contraceptives . . . financed by North American firms and possibly with approval of Alliance functionaries" (44). The fertility mystique and fears of socialism blend nicely in his phrase "regimentation of the womb." His concern over depopulation and his fertility mystique are also blended in the affirmation "a people's will to grow is as authentic as its wish to live, because it is the will to power, a will stemming from the very well-spring of life" (45).on occasion explicitly established.